Current Ukraine Bessarabia village place names

Ukraine Bessarabia – A problem I have with place names in German-Russian genealogy is that our families lived in villages.  Almost all villages  changed names several times due to political changes that probably went like this:

  1. First named “Village 12” when marked on a map by Russian officials.
  2. Next renamed during settlement after hometowns in Germany or after the locations of Napoleonic war battles.
  3. After the Russian revolution and subsequent civil war, parts of southern Russia became autonomous and villages were renamed from the German name to something in the local language and alphabet.  This would be the Bessarabia part of the name.
  4. Finally, they were renamed during the Soviet Union era when Soviet Republics were formed.  This would be the Ukraine or Moldova part of the name.

As a result, it is difficult to locate a village on today’s maps.  Consequently, I’m using the current place names, sort of an exonym.  Most of my family is from the Ukraine Bessarabia area, but there are other colony areas to be aware of.  Below is a discussion of place names in my German-Russian family;

Freudenthal, Bessarabia (my Dick ancestors)

Myrnopillya, Artsyz’kyi, Odes’ka, Ukraine

Ukraninian = Мирнопілля

46.05708, 29.39201

Teplitz, Bessarabia (my Felchle ancestors)

Teplitsa, Artsyz’kyi, Odes’ka, Ukraine

Ukraninian = Теплиц

45.9833333 N   29.3166667 E

Hoffnungstal, Besserabia (Hofer, Bossert, Laib)

Zebrykowe, Irynivka, Odes’ka, Ukraine

47.146389 N, 30.1075 E

Paris (Parizh), Akkermann, Besserabia

Veselyy Kut, Artsyz’kyi, Odes’ka, Ukraine is

Russian = Vesëlyy Kut, Ukranian = Веселий Кут

46.055 N, 29.28889 E

Kloestitz, Klostitz

Vesela Dolyna, Tarutyne, Odes’ka, Ukraine

46.229308 N, 29.320775 E

Tarutino, Bessarabia (Poppke ?)

Tarutyne, Tarutyne, Odes’ka, Ukraine

Vakarskiye Chutor (Felchle)

Vakars’ke, Velykomykhailivskyi, Odes’ka, Ukraine

Here is a map showing Europe and the Near East, with a version of Ukraine and historic Bessarabia highlighted;

Ukraine Bessarabia map
Map of Europe and Near East, showing Ukraine Bessarabia.

Ukraine Bessarabia aids

Because of the problems, almost all can be found using a couple of research aids;

FamilySearch

GeoNames

GRHS

Eastern European Genealogical Society

Finally, there is a great Google maps site:

Conclusion

Spend some time on maps and geeky geography sites.

 

Kulm Leipzig Tarutino Bessarabia

Hi, I’m looking for Poppke surnames and variants in this book on Kulm  Leipzig  Tarutino Bessarabia;

Extended relationships of the Kulm, Leipzig, Tarutino communities in Bessarabia, Russia

 

Sub-sources:

Film 038929 Deaths Leipzig

Film 1766564 Marriages
FM 1270525 Tarutino Prop

Stumpp Book

Film 038910 Leipzig
Heimatbuch Leipzig

Film 038930 Tarutino

Weingartner

PDFs of family information given to me several years ago.

Rename 2

rename 7

rename 6

rename 5

rename 4

rename 3

rename 1

Family Tree by Herbert Poppke – 22 Nov 1992

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 13 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 04 of 13

Teplizer Sippe- 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 05 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 06 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 07 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 08 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 09 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 10 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 11 of 13

Teplizer Sippe Weingartner – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 12 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 03 of 13

Teplizer Sippe Weingartner – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 02 of 13

Teplizer Sippe – 1817 – 1940 – Leopold Dobler – 01 of 13

Letter from Wilhelm Weingartner – 18 Mar 1991

Letter from Horst Weingartner – 1991

Letter from Ernst and Else Weingartner – 1991

Emigration Jakob Weingärtner geb. 24 Aug 1858 nach New York

Daniel Weingartner and Regine Reisser Family Group Sheet – 17 May 1992

Ancestral Table of the Teplitz Clan.

 

These are PDF documents received from a family researcher.  I’ve only incorporated some of the information into my own trees.  Please let me know if you need more information on these.

Felchle 1934 Murder

Hi Ted,

There has been an incident that involved my grandfather Johannes Faelchle who was born in 1902 in Sangerowka.  He was actually killed by one of his own brother’s on “accident”.  Johannes was called to break up a fight when he got stabbed in the neck by one of his own brothers as he stepped between the feuding parties.  Johannes died 31 Dec 1934 in Sangerowka. (My mother was only 7 years old at the time). The brother who actually held the knife never was persecuted – a younger brother under age of 15 was taking the blame as to avoid for his older brother to be jailed or even executed.  According to my now deceased grandmother – the Faelchle’s had plenty of money and could buy their way out of things.. My grandfather was a very loving and religious person – some of his siblings obviously had a different mannerism.  It never was established which of his brother’s was the culprit – my guess would be it was his brother Emil or Arthur… Youngest was Albert born in 1918…

I do have some EWZ films that mention a “murder” in the family.  Maybe it is time I pull up that reel again and start checking it out again..

 

 

Elli Wise

Germans from Russia Research

 

Felchle in the Odessa Library

http://www.odessa3.org/collections/stpete/bess/

Felchle,  Georg                      24 Jul 1833       Teplitz   Georg        Bahnmueller, Ursula

Felchle,  Catharina                21 May 1835   Teplitz   Georg        Bahnmueller, Ursule

Felchle,  Johann                      3 Aug 1837    Teplitz   Georg        Braunmueller, Ursula

Faelchle, Johann Georg     17 Feb 1843    Teplitz   Georg        Bahnmueller, Ursula

Felchle,  Anna Barbara       12 Apr 1845    Teplitz   Georg        Bahnmueller, Ursula

Felchle,  Ludwig                   13 May 1840   Teplitz  Georg        Bahnmueller, Ursula

Faelchle, Heinrich Martin  27 Jan 1850     Teplitz   Georg        Bahnmueller, Ursula

Falchle,  Jacob                        13 Jan 1852     Teplitz   Georg        Bahnmuller, Ursula

Falchle,  Andreas                   12 Feb 1854   Teplitz   Georg        Bahnmuller, Ursula

 

(PAULINA PEPPLE Poppke’s Father & Mother)

Grabovsky, Johann          24 Mar 1855   Klostitz   Joseph          Bechle, Louisa

 

Faelchle, Kaharina              6 Mar 1858    Alt Elft  Friedrich       Bauer, Rosina

Faelchle, Johannes            23 Nov 1858  Teplitz   Johannes     Bast, Katharine

Faelchle, Jakob                      4 Feb 1860  Toeplitz  Christian      Scherible, Elisabeth

Faelchle, Rosina                  10 Feb 1860  Toeplitz  Friedrich       Bauer, Rosina

Faelchle, Katharina              7 Sep 1860   Toeplitz  Johannes     Bast, Katharina

Faelchle, Christina               6 Jan 1862   Toeplitz  Christian        Scherible, Elisabeth

Faelchle, Christian             19 Apr 1862  Toeplitz  Friedrich        Bauer, Rosina

Faelchle, Heinrich              19 Sep 1862  Toeplitz  Johannes      Bast, Katharina

Faelchle, Johannes           19 Jun 1864  Toeplitz  Ludwig          Weingaertner, Elisabeth

Faelchle, Christina             15 Aug 1864  Toeplitz  Johannes     Bast, Katharina

Faelchle, Friedrich               2 Sep 1864  Toeplitz  Friedrich        Bauer, Rosina

Falchle,  Georg                    27 Jan 1867  Teplitz   Christian          Scherible, Elisabeth

Falchle,  Katharine             11 Jun 1867  Teplitz   Friedrich          Bauer, Rosina

Faelchle, Barbara               15 May 1868  Teplitz   Johannes       Bast, Katharine

Faelchle, Katharine           30 Jul 1868    Teplitz   Christian          Schnaible, Christine

Faelchle, Elisabeth             11 Nov 1868  Teplitz   Ludwig         Weingartner, Elisabetha

Faelchle, Georg                     8 Oct 1869   Neufall   Johannes      Bast, Catharina

Faelchle, Barbara                30 Nov 1869  Teplitz   Friedrich        Bauer, Rosina

Falchle,  Christian                25 Oct 1878   Neufall   Johannes     Bast, Katharina

Faelchle, Andreas               16 Jul 1881   Toeplitz  Heinrich         Reinhard, Margaretha

Faelchle, Jakob                     23 Oct 1881  Neufall   Johannes      Bast, Katharina

Faelchle, Anna Maria           7 Sep 1882  Teplitz   Andreas         Anderst, Johanna

Faelchle, Christina               15 Sep 1883  Toeplitz  Andreas       Anderst, Johanna

Faelchle, Elisabeth              26 Sep 1883  Neufall   Johannes      Bast, Katharine

Faelche,  Johannes             17 Jan 1885   Neufall                            Faelchle, Christine / illegitimate son

Faelchle, Katharina             24 Jul 1885    Teplitz   Andreas         Anderst, Johanna

 

 

Teplitz

Teplitz Bessarabia Teplitsa Ukraine
Ukraine, Odes’ka, Artsyz’kyi, Teplitsa

Teplitz, Bessarabia (Teplitsa, Ukraine)  is important to me because one of my four grandparents came from this area.  To learn more, check out these links:

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bessarabia_Germans

http://www.nathankramer.com/Settle/article/Bessarabia/teplitz.htm

https://library.ndsu.edu/grhc/

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GScid=2494508

(note – the list on findagrave is based on records, not actual tombstones)

 

The premier source for genealogy of Teplitz is;

Source Chronik der Gemeinde Teplitz in Bessarabien : Sippenbuch
Author Handel, Theophil
Coverage
Place Teplit︠s︡, Akkerman, Bessarabia, Russia
Teplița, Cetatea-Albă, Romania
Ukraine
Teplyt︠s︡i︠a︡, Art︠s︡yz, Odesa, Ukraine
Subject Ethnic/Cultural
Ethnicity / Culture German
Publication information
Type Miscellaneous
Publisher Eigenverlag des Verfassers
Date issued 1994
Place issued Esslingen-Berkheim [Germany]
Citation
Handel, Theophil. Chronik der Gemeinde Teplitz in Bessarabien : Sippenbuch. (Esslingen-Berkheim [Germany]: Eigenverlag des Verfassers, 1994).
Repositories
Family History Library http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatal.. Other

 

A second great source is;

Title:
Teplitzer Chronik : die letzten zehn Jahre des Bestehens der Kolonie Teplitz und die Heimkehr ins Mutterland
Author:
Weiss, Herbert
OCLC Work Id:
198009936
Record Link:
http://classify.oclc.org/classify2/ClassifyDemo?owi=198009936
 There is also an English translation;
Title:Colony Teplitz
OCLC Work Id:3660308
Teplitz Bessarabia Teplitsa Ukraine

 

http://www.odessa3.org/collections/history/link/teplitz.txt

Teplitz - 1848 Village History (R. Niessner)

        Published by the Odessa Digital Library - 1 Jun 1996
             http://www.odessa3.org

        This document may be freely used for personal, nonprofit
        purposes or linked by other WWW sites.  It may also be
        shared with others, provided the header with copyright
        notice is included.  However, it may not be republished
        in any form without permission of the copyright owner.

        Copyright 1996, Roswita Niessner

Note:   Please see the Introduction to the Village History
        Project for additional information.

TOEPLITZ

THE TIME IN WHICH THE COLONY WAS ESTABLISHED.

The German evangelical Lutheran colony Toeplitz in Bessarabia was established
in the year 1818 and from the beginning was inhabited by 98 families from
Wuerttembrerg, specifically from the following: Schorndorf 20, Reutlingen 25,
Tuebingen 19, Nagold 22 and Kirchen (Wohl Kirchheim) 12. In 1817, backed by
the most high royal Russian privilege, these families came to this country
together with another party of emigrants. Their intent was to go to Georgia,
but in the border town of Ismail they changed their travel plan and therefore
settled on the steppes assigned to them by the kind local colonial office.

LOCATION OF THE COLONY AND A SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE SOIL QUALITY

The distance of this colony is 83 miles from the capital city Kishinev, 54
miles from the county seat Ackermann, 56 miles from Bendery and 60 miles from
the border town Ismail, between the German colonies Fere Champenoise I (3
miles) and  Brienne  (4  1/2  miles).  It  is  situated  in  a  lovely valley 
of  the Bessarabian steppes along the river Kugelnik, which usually dries out
in the summer, and confined on the south side by a range of hills.

This colony originally was named "Twelfth Colony or N 12" until the end of
1818 at which time the high Russian government named it Toeplitz.

The condition of the soil varies greatly. The land in the valley is scattered
with many, often large areas of alkali and not well suited for farming. An
exception are the areas close to the river, they have sandy soil and are used
for gardening. The low hilltops on the south side form a nice level field with
black soil and encompass all the arable land, including the hay fields, for
the whole village. On the side of the hills are quarries which are deep in the
ground.

WHO OCCUPIED THE STEPPES AT THE ARRIVAL TIME OF THE IMMIGRANTS AND WHAT KIND
OF SUPPORT WAS GIVEN TO THEM?

Before the arrival of the settlers the steppes were harsh and inhospitable,
inhabited by a few herdsmen. The land was covered with thistles and weeds and
a multitude of insects. Here and there were mounds of ashes and large burial
grounds, dating back to the time of the Tartars, of which a few are still
around.

At their arrival each settling family received 100 rubles in silver coins as
support from the high Russian Crown.

EVENTS THAT HAPPENED SINCE THE SETTLEMENT WHICH HAD AN INFLUENCE ON THE FATE
OF THE SETTLERS.

The first thing the settlers had to do after their arrival was to build a
temporary hut before they could build a house. Unfortunately,  the biggest
crisis they ever had experienced befell the colony now.

After they had endured a difficult 24 day quarantine without shelter in rain
and storm, without any comforts or even enough food, almost all of them fell
ill with fever and dysentery, because they were not yet adapted to the local
water and climate. In some huts there was nobody to help the other even with a
drink of water. The local authorities finally felt compelled to check the
habitats every morning to see who was still alive or who had died. Some days
they buried 6-7 bodies. The fatalities increased so rapidly that within four
months 110 souls of both genders had died.

No other epidemics occurred in this colony, except for the so-called cholera
that raged in 1831 which, fortunately, claimed only seven victims.

The personal assets of all the families who came here from the kingdom of
Wuerttemberg consisted of  cash,  beautiful  clothes and diverse pewter and
copper utensils.  Some of them were well to do.  But under these wretched
circumstances with almost everyone ill, and trade and business in the area
negligible, many had to parish in spite of their possessions.

In these troubled times the village lost not only many of their best farmers
but also was forced to care for many orphans and work their farms until they
became of age, which really held them back. They also were deprived of some
advantages that other colonies had, like the lease of "hot" beverages in their
free years and the lease of part of their land for several years.

Unfortunately,  these  years  did not  distinguish  themselves  through great
abundance, instead the people had to be content with mediocre harvests, except
for the years 1829, 1836 and 1844. Total failures were the years 1822, 1823,
1833,  1834 and 1839.  In the years 1823,  1841 and 1843 field mice were a
plague, and in 1826, 1836 and 1847 swarms of locusts, although the loss was
negligible. In contrast to that the cattle pest inflicted great damage in the
years 1837, 1838 and 1844 where only about half of the livestock remained.

THESE ARE THE SPECIALLY FAVORABLE CIRCUMSTANCES TO WHICH THE COMMUNITY OWES
ITS WELLBEING.

Since 1830 the community has been on an uphill swing. All the farmsteads kept
in trust are now occupied since the orphans became of age and got married. The
community is strong and healthy.

In part the colony owes her well being to the higher authorities through whose
disposition and guidance they received the following:

1) On the colony's urgent request the public relief committee allotted them a
substantial piece of land on the north side of the river Kugelnik in 1832.
This protected the colony from lack of water for the animals. The hillsides
provided land for vineyards which prosper and are very productive. For several
farmers the harvest already yielded more than 500 gallons of wine and they
strive to do even better in this area.

2) Through surveying of the land the colony won the left or north bank of the
Kugelnik river where they planted beautiful communal woodlands and orchards.
In return they had to give up the same amount of land on the other side of the
river for the settlement of the colony Denewitz. (Dennewitz?)

In 1844 the colony built a beautiful school house with great enthusiasm and is
presently blessed with a well-functioning school system.

Although the older homes, small and low, were still in good condition, many
farmers tore them down and instead built new, larger homes with amenities and
adjacent buildings, surrounded by a wall and trees planted in the yard. These
give the colony a well-to-do appearance.  It is to expect that others will
follow this example.

On both sides of  the village,  particularly on the river side,  beautiful
orchards were planted which, in part, are already bearing fruit. Two farmers
reaped a profit of more than 100 silver rubles in one year. Between the
various bends of the river the aforementioned communal orchards and woodlands
are thriving, containing a great variety of fruit and forest trees.

In addition the colony benefits from the following: 1) the proximity of the
already  mentioned  quarries  providing  material  for  homes  and community
buildings and 2)  a spring which is leased for the irrigation of a cabbage
field and results in an annual income of 28 - 30 silver rubles. The first
item,  i.e.  the  quarries,  are  also  used  by  the  colonies of  Paris  and
Friedensthal free of charge.

Regarding the general well being of the colony,  in 1846 they built a stone
warehouse, according to the instruction and at the expense of the government.
Inside are stored, to 1 January 1848, 733 bushel (123 Tscht.) of winter and
summer wheat. The control of this reserve, as well as other police functions,
are under the care of the town council.

By imperial royal decree of His Majesty Nicolai I, in memory and for the sake
of suffered hardships during the last Turkish war, the colony of Toeplitz was
exempted from paying the crown taxes for three years, 1828, 29 and 30.

The accuracy of this short historical report is certified with signatures
by the Mayoral Court with participation of the school teacher.
Colony Toeplitz, 1 May 1848
Mayor: Gerber
Witness: Kurtz, Harter
School teacher: A. Kludt (Author)
Colony Clerk: Laeger (?).

as translated by: Roswita Niessner
as Edited by: Ralph and Evelyn Ruff
Coordinated with GRHS Village Research Clearing House
Coordinated with AHSGR/GRHS Translation Committee Chairman

Teplitz Bessarabia Teplitsa Ukraine

Bessarabia South Russia Ukraine

Bessarabia  South Russia  Ukraine

A big part of finding locations in this part of the world is the naming.

As a starter, find out what “exonyms” are!

Most of the German-Russian mother colonies in what is now Ukraine were not at the site of existing villages.  They were named at the time of settlement.  During and after the Russian revolution and then the breakup of the Soviet Union, the villiages and provinces changed names.

In my genealogy reports, I will try to list the locations by their current names, with notes as to their names at the time of settlement.  This is contrary to what many genealogists are doing.

Some place name resources for this area:

http://www.blackseagr.org/pdfs/village_list.pdf

Specific Villages

Kulm / Leipzig / Tarutino